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สมาชิกสหภาพยุโรป ได้เรียกร้องให้ ประเทศสมาชิกสหภาพยุโรป ทั้งมวลให้มี ท่าทีที่แข็งกร้าว ตอบโต้ประเทศไทย ในกรณีการคว่ำร่างรัฐธรรมนูญ(ฉบับหลอกลวง) พวกเขาได้กล่่าวอะไร ไว้อย่างไร ?
EU called on to take 'stringent action' over 'fake' Thailand constitution
The rejection of a controversial new "fake" constitution in Thailand has triggered demands for the European Union to take "stringent action" in its opposition to the country's ruling military junta.
Thailand's military-appointed National Reform Council (NRC) rejected a new constitution in a vote on Sunday, a result that pushes back the junta's time-frame for an election to April 2017 at the earliest while a new charter is written.
The constitution, which would have been Thailand's 20th in 83 years, was rejected by 135 members of the NRC and approved by just 105. There were seven abstentions.
The 'No' vote means the process of drafting another constitution will start again, delaying any election until 2017 at the earliest.
One of the thorniest issues was a late addition to the draft, the creation of a National Committee on Reform and Reconciliation Strategy which would be dominated by military, allowing it to exercise power over the executive and legislative branches in any "crisis".
NRC member Sangsit Phiriyarangsan, who voted to pass the charter, said he believed it was voted down because of a desire to postpone elections.
According to the junta's own rules, it must now establish a new constitutional drafting committee within 30 days which will have 180 days to write a new charter. The new constitution, however, will not be subject to a vote by the NRC but instead be submitted directly to a referendum.
Thailand is currently using an interim constitution drafted last year which gives sweeping unchecked powers to the junta led by former army commander Prayuth Chan-ocha.
The vote comes at a time of increased instability in the county, including a badly faltering economy, last month's terrorist outrage in Bangkok that killed 20 people and the health of 87-year-old King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
The Pheu Thai party, ousted from power last year, described the constitution as "totally disregarding the sovereignty of the Thai people".
Reaction to the outcome of the vote was swift, with veteran UK Socialist MEP David Martin, a member of the European Parliament's ASEAN delegation and his party's coordinator on the international trade committee, saying, "Until Thailand returns to democracy there can be no negotiations on an FTA. Also that EU should use all diplomatic pressure possible to encourage Thailand on the path back to democracy."
Fellow ASEAN member, Julie Girling, an MEP for the European Conservatives and Reformists Group said: "The military government in Thailand has promised a speedy transition to democracy but they are not delivering. The EU can help but patience is running out. Urgent action is now required with a clear timetable, anything less will mean that Europe will have to take more stringent action."
The ASEAN delegation covers relations with ten countries of south-east Asia.
Another senior MEP Charles Tannock, a Foreign Affairs Committee member, said, "Rejection of the constitution goes some way to proving that the military junta is playing for time, particularly at a junction when the ailing health of the King is paving the way for a potential succession crisis. As the timetable for the adoption of a new constitution drifts ever further away, EU member states should seek to exert more pressure on the Thai authorities to find a solution, exploring the option of elections for a constituent assembly to draft the constitution if need be."
Further comment came from David Camroux, an associate professor at the respected Paris-based Centre De Recherches Internationales and an expert on Thailand at the European Institute for Asian Studies (EIAS), a leading Brussels-based think tank.
He told this website, "What is occurring in Thailand is not so much a 'crisis', to use that much-abused term, but something far more serious, a profound malaise within Thailand as a whole that has been brewing for over a decade. If one were to seek an image that of Russian dolls comes to mind.
"The longstanding competition for power among elites is eclipsed by social cleavages, economic uncertainty and an almost existential angst linked to a fin de règne."
Camroux, also co-editor of the Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, argues that Thailand needs to be seen in the larger Southeast Asian context, adding, "Diplomatic pressure in the form of communiques may be counterproductive. What the EU should be doing though is supporting civil society groups, particularly lawyers, who are opposed to the junta and its fake constitution.
"I would suggest also a 'pincer movement' around Thailand in which, for example, the EU supports and monitors the November elections in Myanmar, encouraging the formation of a broad-based coalition government. The objective is to provide clear cases of democratic success. That would shame the Thais out of their sense of moral superiority."
He also argues that Thailand's stalled Free Trade Agreement (FTA) negotiations with the EU should continue to be put on hold, saying: "The EU's 'market power' through trade is one of our rare levers."
Maja Kocijancic, spokeswoman for the European Union External Action Service (EEAS), said, "As a friend and partner, the EU remains committed to the restoration of democracy in Thailand, as set out in the council conclusions of 23 June 2014.
"We note that the National Reform Council did not approve the draft charter, or draft constitution, and trust that there will be an inclusive process leading to a speedy return to democracy."
ขอขอบคุณ ข่าวและคลิปจาก EU Reporter
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